Feliz Cinco de Mayo! While Fiesta Fridays are a weekly occurrence in our office, today’s celebration comes with an extra helping of language and culture love (and guacamole, and sour cream). Many of us associate this lively Mexican holiday with a whole lot of delicious food - and rightly so - but trust us, there’s more to the story than all those tempting restaurant specials floating around social media. So, grab your margarita, and join us for the real scoop on all things Cinco de Mayo.
No, it’s not Mexico’s Independence Day.
First things first: Mexico gained their independence from Spain on September 16, 1810 - more than 50 years before Cinco de Mayo even became a holiday! It’s a common misconception, but the true significance of today’s festivities lies in the Battle of Puebla, fought on May 5, 1862 between Mexico and France. Despite strong regional differences, Mexico was able to unify as a country and a cultural identity in order to fight against foreign imperialism. Cinco de Mayo therefore celebrates not only the unification of Mexico, but their victory as a relatively new nation against the nearly undefeated, and much larger, French army. This sense of patriotism continues today - and can be seen through colorful Cinco de Mayo parades and fiestas in select Mexican cities.
For many Mexicans and Mexican-Americans, it’s just another Friday.
Unless you’re in a city like Puebla, where the historic battle was fought all those years ago, you might not find the boisterous fiestas you were expecting. In fact, a majority of the country continues on like normal - banks, stores and government buildings stay open while only students get the day off. If you’re looking for a rowdy parade, Puebla, Mexico is the place to be. Each year, locals reenact the Battle of Puebla by dressing up as French and Mexican soldiers, complete with fake artillery and plastic weapons. Following their reenacted victory, the crowd breaks out in song and dance to commemorate the historic moment - you might even catch a celebrity or two in attendance.
The U.S. takes it to another level.
In case you didn’t know, Cinco de Mayo is so popular in the United States that people are actually running out of money to buy avocados for their guacamole. That’s right - the price of avocados has risen sharply in recent months, making it difficult to reach the nearly 81 million pounds that we normally consume on Cinco de Mayo each year. If that sounds ridiculous, we won’t even tell you how much tequila the U.S. downs on this day (hint: it’s nearly twice the consumption of Mexico, and that’s where tequila comes from).
Because of marketing efforts and the 35 million people who identify as Mexican Americans in the U.S., Cinco de Mayo is somewhat of a novelty here today. What started as a small party between Mexicans living in California during the 1860s has now become a commercialized, nationwide U.S. celebration of Mexican culture. Corporations initially saw the holiday as a way to reach Hispanic populations by promoting Mexican products like tequila and Corona, an effort which eventually led to their widespread popularity among all demographics.
Still making last minute Cinco de Mayo plans? If you’re willing to brave the higher prices, go beyond the guacamole and check out this list of amazing crowd-approved avocado recipes. After you’ve eaten your fill, grab the family and head to one of the many parades happening around the country today - Midwesterners will enjoy Chicago’s offerings, while folks on the West Coast will find a variety of fun activities in the Bay Area. Where will you find us, you ask? Lounging around the Mango grove, practicing new vocabulary words from our Latin American Spanish course - in between bites of homemade tacos.
In honor of Cinco de Mayo, Find Mango at your library today and start a new course!